Management's Discussion and Analysis
February 9, 2012
This management’s discussion and analysis (MD&A) is intended to help the reader understand and assess trends and significant changes in the results of operations and financial condition of Yellow Media Inc. (or the Corporation) and its subsidiaries for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 and should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Quarterly reports, the annual report and supplementary information can be found under the “Financial Reports” section of our corporate web site: www.ypg.com. Additional information, including our annual information form (AIF), can be found on SEDAR at www.sedar.com.
The financial information presented herein has been prepared on the basis of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) for financial statements and is expressed in Canadian dollars, unless otherwise stated.
The audited IFRS-related disclosures and values in this MD&A have been prepared using the standards and interpretations currently issued and effective at the end of our first annual IFRS reporting period, December 31, 2011.
The amounts in this MD&A and the accompanying financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 have been restated to reflect our adoption of IFRS, effective from January 1, 2010. Periods prior to January 1, 2010 have not been restated and are prepared in accordance with Canadian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). Please refer to Note 31 of the accompanying consolidated financial statements for a summary of the differences between our consolidated financial statements previously prepared under Canadian GAAP and those under IFRS for the year ended December 31, 2010 and as at January 1, 2010.
On March 25, 2011, Yellow Media Inc. announced that it had reached a definitive agreement to sell the automotive and generalist print and online business of Trader Corporation. The transaction closed on July 28, 2011 for a purchase price consideration of $702 million, net of fees, working capital and other adjustments. The purchase price consideration included a note receivable of $15 million.
As a result of the sale of Trader Corporation, we have reclassified the results of the automotive and generalist print and online business of Trader Corporation as discontinued operations. Accordingly, the current and prior period’s consolidated income statement and cash flows have been restated to reflect this change.
Consequently, during the first quarter of 2011, the Company changed the composition of its reportable segments in a manner which is better aligned with the way operating results are now reviewed by senior management to make decisions about resources to be allocated to the segments and to assess their performance. The key changes include the reallocation of the real estate, employment and LesPAC businesses to the Directories segment. These businesses were previously included in the Vertical Media segment but were not part of the divestiture of Trader Corporation. The Company now has only one operating segment.
In this MD&A, the words “we”, “us”, “our”, “the Company”, “the Fund” and “YPG” refer to Yellow Media Inc., and its subsidiaries (including Yellow Pages Group Co., Canpages Inc., Wall2Wall Media Inc. (Wall2Wall), YPG (USA) Holdings, Inc. and Yellow Pages Group, LLC (the latter two collectively YPG USA), Trader Corporation and Dealer Dot Com Inc.), which are reported under the following segments:
- “Directories,” which refers to our print and online directories as well as performance marketing solutions, real estate and employment publications and LesPAC.com; LesPAC.com was sold on November 14, 2011 and
- “Vertical Media,” which refers to the automotive and generalist print and online vertical publications sold to funds advised by Apax Partners as part of the sale of Trader Corporation that was completed on July 28, 2011.
Our reporting structure reflects how we manage our business and how we classify our operations for planning and for measuring our performance. This MD&A contains assertions about the objectives, strategies, financial condition, results of operations and businesses of YPG. These statements are considered “forward-looking” because they are based on current expectations of our business, on the markets we operate in, and on various estimates and assumptions.
These forward-looking statements describe our expectations on February 9, 2012.
- Our actual results could be materially different from our expectations if known or unknown risks affect our business, or if our estimates or assumptions turn out to be inaccurate. As a result, we cannot guarantee that any forward-looking statements will materialize.
- Forward-looking statements do not take into account the effect that transactions or non-recurring items, announced or occurring after the statements are made, may have on our business.
- We disclaim any intention or obligation to update any forward-looking statements, except as required by law, even if new information becomes available through future events or for any other reason.
- Risks that could cause our actual results to differ materially from our current expectations are discussed in Section 6 – Risks and Uncertainties.
Definitions relative to understanding our results
Income from Operations before Depreciation and Amortization, Impairment of Goodwill and Intangible assets, Acquisition-related Costs and Restructuring and Special Charges (EBITDA)
We report on our EBITDA (Income from operations before depreciation and amortization, impairment of goodwill and intangible assets, acquisition-related costs, and restructuring and special charges). EBITDA is not a performance measure defined under IFRS and is not considered an alternative to income from operations or net (loss) earnings in the context of measuring YPG’s performance. EBITDA does not have a standardized meaning and is therefore not likely to be comparable with similar measures used by other publicly traded companies. EBITDA should not be used as an exclusive measure of cash flow since it does not account for the impact of working capital changes, capital expenditures, debt principal reductions and other sources and uses of cash, which are disclosed on page 23 of this MD&A. Please refer to Note 31 of the accompanying consolidated financial statements for a summary of the differences between our consolidated financial statements previously prepared under Canadian GAAP and those under IFRS for the year ended December 31, 2010.
Adjusted Earnings from Continuing Operations (Adjusted Earnings)
Adjusted earnings is a non-IFRS measure. It is defined as the net (loss) earnings from continuing operations available to common shareholders excluding amortization of intangible assets attributable to shareholders, non-cash financial charges, non-cash income taxes and non-recurring items such as acquisition-related costs, restructuring and special charges, impairment of goodwill and intangible assets, impairment of investment in associate and gain on disposal of subsidiary. All adjustments except non-cash income taxes, impairment of goodwill and intangible assets, and the impairment of investment in associate are net of the income tax effect thereon calculated at the statutory income tax rate. Adjusted Earnings is defined as an indicator of financial performance. It should not be seen as a measurement of liquidity or as a substitute for comparable metrics prepared in accordance with IFRS. Adjusted earnings is used by investors, management and other stakeholders to evaluate the ongoing performance of YPG. Adjusted earnings may differ from similar calculations as reported by other companies and should not be considered comparable. For a reconciliation with IFRS, please refer to Section 4 – Adjusted Earnings from Continuing Operations of this MD&A.
Free cash flow
Free cash flow is a non-IFRS measure generally used as an indicator of financial performance. It should not be seen as a substitute for cash flow from operating activities. Free cash flow is defined as cash flow from operating activities from continuing operations, as reported in accordance with IFRS less an adjustment for capital expenditures. Please refer to Note 31 of the accompanying consolidated financial statements for a summary of the differences between our consolidated financial statements previously prepared under Canadian GAAP and those under IFRS for the year ended December 31, 2010.
Dividends per Common Share
We report dividends per common share because it is a measure of return used by investors. On September 28, 2011, the Company announced the elimination of the dividends on its common shares. Please refer to Section 4 – Adjusted Earnings from Continuing Operations of this MD&A.
This MD&A is divided into the following sections:
- Our Business, Mission, Strategy and Capability to Deliver Results
- Liquidity and Capital Resources
- Adjusted Earnings from Continuing Operations
- Critical Assumptions
- Risks and Uncertainties
- Controls and Procedures